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Types of Malware and prevention tips
You may have often heard the names of malware, ransomware, trojan and virus which used in news reports and always wondered what they actually mean. Those all words refer to a type of malicious software program which used to infect computers/laptops and devices.
Malicious software (Malware) is a really fast becoming one of the biggest threats online and It has been used in some of the world’s largest cyber-attacks including the attack of WannaCry in 2017 which affected more than 200,000 victims across 150 countries.
Malware (Malicious software) is usually installed on a computer when a user clicks on a bad link of virus, which downloads a malicious attachment or opens a bad software program. Once it’s installed, attackers may use the malware to spy on your online activities, they steal personal and financial information or use your device to hack other systems.
This type of attack has proved hugely profitable and is becomes more sophisticated as criminals blend old and new variants to cause maximum damage.
There is a lots of different types of malware are exist, with some more harmful than others. Approx 230,000 new malware program samples are produced every day and every malware has its own individual way of infecting and damaging computers and devices.
We are introducing The most common types of malware which are:
A computer virus program is a type of Malware (malicious software) that once activated, and it will replicate itself from folder by folder, by inserting its own coding. A virus software program can spread fast & rapidly and will usually infect a Computer system or devices with the intention of stealing personal and financial information, with sending spam or locking the system down.
If we talk about worm, A worm is very similar to a virus program which replicates itself with a system but unlike a virus, worm doesn’t spread to other programs. Once it’s installed, the worm is a silent program which goes to work and started to infects the machine without the user’s knowledge. And worms can replicate themselves hundreds of times over, and damaging devices.
Simply a Trojan is a type of malware program that disguises itself as genuine software but really serves a malicious program. Sometimes Trojan claims to be a free update, game, or an anti-virus program, Forced the user to installing it onto their device. Once it’s installed, the Trojan works started quietly in the background to steal personal & financial data, and installs a backdoor and also take other harmful actions.
By its name we can easily know its purpose, Ransomware is also a type of Malware (malicious software) which encrypts a victim’s data and blocks access until a ransom is paid. The common delivery method for ransomware is by click on a link with an email or accessing a malicious attachment.
Spyware is a type of software program which installs itself on a device and quietly monitors online activity of victim. usually it collects all sorts of data, including passwords, Debit/credit card numbers bank details and browsing activity. Spyware is used for many different purposes. habitually it targets to track and sell usage of internet data, and also it uses to steal your personal identity.
As its name said Ad, it means advertisements, Typically adware is a type of Malware (Malicious Software) which once downloaded and it will unexpectedly starts to show advertisements on the computer. Adware doesn’t intend to steal data like other malware’s, but it’s too much frustrating as the user is forced to see ads and clicks on the ads which they would prefer not to. The range of the ads from small banner ads to large pop windows that can’t be taken down.
Bot is a device which works to infected with Malware (malicious software) to do some harmful activities without the user’s knowledge. Usually botnets are networks of these infected devices which work’s together under the control of an attacker. Botnets can be used to drive phishing campaigns, which send out the spam or used to carry out Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks.
How can you prevent my device from becoming infected with malware?
There is a lot of ways to prevent your devices from being infected with malware attacks:
1. Install Anti-virus software
One of the really important ways to protect your devices against malware attacks is to install a trust able anti-virus software program. Anti-virus software will help you to protect your device from attacks of Malware (malicious software) which poses a threat to the computer system. antivirus will scan your computer to detect and clean the viruses and will provide automatic virus database updates to provide the enhanced protection against newly created viruses.
2. Regularly update software
In addition to install a anti-virus software program, it’s necessary to ensure that your Antivirus software is regularly up to date to stop attackers gaining control over your computer through vulnerabilities in older and outdated systems.
3. Only trusted sources to buy Apps
If you are Buying apps from trust able sources then it will reduce the chances of your device being infected with malware programs. Software Companies will take great care to ensure your security and they do not damage their reputation by distributing malware.
4. Don’t try to click on suspicious links or download any suspicious attachments from unknown sources
Phishing is the easiest way for hackers & scammers to install malware on your computer laptop or device. Phishing scams is a trick while people into opening emails or clicking on a link that may appear to come from a legitimate business or reputed source. These link may redirect you to a scam website where you will be prompted to enter your personal details or take you to the another website that directly will infect your computer or devices with malware.
5. Install Firewall
Another way to prevent malware and protect your device from malware is to use a firewall. A firewall prevents malicious attack by block all unauthorized access to or from a private computer network or device. In addition to anti-virus software, a firewall provides an extra support against malware, and also reduce the chance of attack.
6. Back up data regularly
It’s really important to take back up on a regular basis to assure that you can still retrieve all your data and files if your computer is infected with malware. This will also help to mitigate any type of damage and ensure that you are not held victim to a ransomware attack.
Phishing is one of the main cause for all cyber attacks and one of the easiest ways to steal valuable data and deliver malware. Meta Phish has been created to provide a powerful defense against these threats and which enables organizations to find out just how susceptible their company is to phishing.